Another study yet not, found low-significant mother or father-child PA matchmaking for both counts/minute and MVPA
elizabeth., intercourse homogeneity), guy sex, or father or mother gender impression. New literature to the sex certain moms and dad–guy PA affairs using pedometers is fairly combined. Such as for instance, tall mom-children not dad-little ones step correlations was included in a sample out-of 8–18 12 months-dated youth from inside the France . Contrarily, fathers’ tips (but not mothers’ strategies) are associated with the brand new procedures of their pupils during the a sample out-of Spanish pupils old 8–9 ages in addition to their mothers . However, father-boy, father-child, and mommy-guy step matchmaking was observed in a sample of 5–19 seasons-old Canadian teens and their mothers . The relationships ranging from moms and dads and their daughter’s measures failed to arrived at importance (p = .08). Other analysis located father-daughter, father-man, mother-child, and you will mommy-guy action relationship toward sundays, although dad’s steps was not regarding their daughter’s steps on the weekdays . A regulation of them education is they didn’t formally test whether the hills in the for each and every communities were notably unlike one another, but rather subjectively compared how big is effects additionally the importance of the coefficient. Due to the fact i formally looked at these relationships, our very own results bring much more definitive research. A study of the Jago and associates that assessed MVPA using accelerometers, illustrates the necessity of formally review connections. Away from a review of the beta coefficients, the latest magnitude of ramifications of the father-son and you may father-girl PA matchmaking appeared as if comparable. Getting mothers, the results appeared to be more powerful having girl than sons. A formal shot however revealed that the mother-kid PA matchmaking was not notably different for boys and girls.
In addition to testing differences by gender, and guided by the IMPAP, we also explored SES and weight status variables as potential moderators of the parent–child PA relationship. Correlations were higher for parents who had completed graduate school and for those who made > $80,000/year, but the results did not reach statistical significance. Weight status of the child and parent, and gender homogeneity were not effect modifiers. A few studies have examined SES moderators of the parent–child PA relationship. Jacobi and colleagues observed higher correlations between mother-offspring pedometer-determined PA for employed mothers compared to unemployed mothers however the differences were not empirically tested. In a sample of 5–6 year-olds, mothers’ and children’s accelerometer-measure MVPA was related regardless of the mothers’ education. However, fathers’ and children’s MVPA was only significant related for fathers with high education (i.e., had attended university) . To the contrary, Fridlund Dunton and colleagues found that children and parents whose household income was < $30,000/year performed more MVPA together (indicating PA co-participation) than those with a household income >$100,000/year. Similar to our study, Jago and colleagues did not find that parent BMI modified the parent–child PA relationship with 431 parent–child dyads. Taken together, our exploration of several potential moderators provides a unique contribution to the literature and suggests that interventions for families with children aged 7–8 years do not need to be individually tailored by SES, weight status, or gender. Future research should explore if other parental attributes or parenting styles are moderating factors.
Meant for that it, a critical mother-child PA matchmaking since located for accelerometer-mentioned counts/minute in an example of 5–a dozen year old daughters and their parents, however to own MVPA
A healthier child–moms and dad PA relationships are located when PA was counted fairly using pedometers, compared to the whenever mentioned subjectively playing with forms. Exactly like our very own investigation, a good meta-study has just claimed some high effects whenever PA was measured having fun with goal versus subjective methods, yet the variation wasn’t high . You to factor is the fact that higher standard of measurement error you to definitely includes playing with care about- or proxy-statement surveys attenuated the consequences . For this reason, the new mother–guy PA dating as counted by the pedometers is much more particular estimate for the relationships. Another potential need will there be try more powerful familial aggregation to own full PA (seized by the pedometers) compared to athletics and you may volitional affairs that is certainly seized by the questionnaires . A last consideration is that people measured mother leisure time MVPA over the last 1 week and you may child usual PA. The limited differences in new strategies can get partly explain the smaller effects based in the survey investigation. No matter, our very own overall performance strengthen the significance of using goal strategies away from PA in both parents and children if at all possible.